“It’s Not Just the Larry Nassar Case. We Are Failing Sexual Assault Victims Across the Country.”

This is an excellent opinion piece from yesterday’s NYT written by Jane Manning, director of the Women’s Equal Justice Project and a former sex crimes prosecutor:

By Jane Manning

Ms. Manning is the director of the Women’s Equal Justice Project and a former sex crimes prosecutor.

“I blame Larry Nassar,” the Olympic gold medalist Simone Biles told assembled senators on Sept. 15, “but I also blame an entire system that enabled and perpetrated his abuse.”

Ms. Biles was one of four gymnastics champions who gave searing testimony about the F.B.I.’s gross mishandling of the investigation of Larry Nassar, a former gymnastics team doctor convicted on multiple counts of sexually abusing young women in his charge. A U.S. Department of Justice review, published by the Office of the Inspector General this July, found that F.B.I. agents delayed commencing an investigation, neglected to interview key witnesses and failed to notify state law enforcement officials. The F.B.I.’s inaction, the report noted, left Mr. Nassar free to continue working with girls and young women and thus to assault at least 70 athletes who might have been spared if federal agents had done their jobs.

Speaking before the Senate Judiciary Committee, the gymnast Aly Raisman testified that the F.B.I.’s conduct “was like serving innocent children up to a pedophile on a silver platter.”

I couldn’t watch their testimony live because, as the gymnasts testified, I was on the phone with an Arizona rape survivor, breaking the news to her that local prosecutors were refusing to file charges in her case, despite extensive corroborating evidence and a second victim reporting a similar assault by the same man. Prosecutors declined the case because they don’t believe my survivor will make a credible witness. Outrageously, they decided that she lacked credibility without ever speaking with her.

The negligence and misconduct in Mr. Nassar’s case are not isolated and are not confined to the F.B.I. Around the country, survivors who summon the strength to report their abuse and cooperate with an investigation all too often find that police and prosecutors fail to investigate their cases thoroughly or prosecute them conscientiously. This inflicts untold additional trauma on survivors and harms public safety, leaving predators at liberty to assault more victims. If U.S. Attorney General Merrick Garland wants to make amends for the F.B.I.’s egregious mishandling of Mr. Nassar, he should answer survivors’ calls to hold Mr. Nassar’s enablers accountable, but he must not stop there. Mr. Garland should mandate that the Justice Department investigate patterns and practices through which law enforcement persistently fails survivors of gender-based crimes.

As an attorney and advocate with a nonprofit that works to help sexual assault survivors navigate the criminal justice process, I witness this failure again and again and again. The survivors I serve have reported sexual assaults to law enforcement in states all around the country, only to find that investigators routinely fail to conduct proper victim interviews, to retrieve probative video footage, to interview crucial witnesses, to investigate the perpetrator’s background to see if he has committed similar crimes, to preserve relevant digital or paper records or to conduct other basic investigative steps. The cases are then declined by prosecutors on the grounds that there is not enough evidence, though those prosecutors rarely demand that police investigators or prosecutors’ in-house investigators go back and do the missing work.

In Chicago, survivors and advocates have demanded reform of a police department that failed to make arrests in an estimated 80 to 90 percent of sex crime cases from 2010 to 2019 and delayed making an arrest in the case of a child who was sexually assaulted multiple times, until public outcry prevailed. In New York City, survivors are decrying the handling of their cases by the New York Police Department’s sex crimes unit. Survivors have said that detectives in the unit have retraumatized them, and in 2019 the department left a serial rapist free to attack more women. In Austin, Texas; HoustonMemphisSan Francisco; and other cities, survivors have sued police departments in recent years for failing to investigate sexual assault cases with even minimal due diligence.

Even when police do investigate, prosecutors too often decline cases that may seem challenging because the facts don’t comport with stereotypes about rapesometimes despite solid evidence or multiple victims. The combined effect of police and prosecutor malfeasance is that, according to the Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network, in an estimated 975 in 1,000 sexual assaults in the United States, perpetrators go free. All too often, they assault again.

I witness the devastation this malfeasance inflicts. “Do they have a sense of the damage it does to a person?” the heartbroken Arizona survivor asked me after learning that prosecutors had rejected her case. “Do they care?” A New York survivor told me, “The way I was treated by police was worse than the rape itself.”

Some well-intentioned commentators have suggested that, given chronic police failures, survivors should give up on the criminal justice system and turn to therapy and restorative circles. This is not the answer. There are some crimes too serious, and some offenders too dangerous, for alternative justice. When the survivor wants or the crime demands a law enforcement response, it’s not too much to ask that it be a diligent and competent one. Sexual assault cases are not too inherently difficult to handle competently. Investing effort and resources in improving sexual assault investigations and prosecutions can lead to dramatically better results.

Mr. Garland can help by directing that all federal civil rights investigations of law enforcement patterns and practices examine how the agencies under review respond to survivors of sexual assault and other gender-based crimes. All three police departments currently under Justice Department review — in MinneapolisLouisville, Ky.; and Phoenix — have serious histories of mishandling sexual assault cases and mistreating survivors. Yet to date, the Justice Department has not announced any intention to include these grave issues within the scope of its investigations. Mr. Garland should remedy this omission immediately.

Other police and prosecutor agencies require similar scrutiny. Sexual assault survivors in New York City recently sent a letter to Mr. Garland and others in the Justice Department, asking them to investigate the New York Police Department for, they say, mishandling their cases and mistreating them. He should act on their request, and he should open investigations in other cities evincing similar failures.

“It should not be a survivor’s burden to continually seek justice and demand an end to their nightmares,” observed Senator Dianne Feinstein at the hearing. “That’s the job of our law enforcement agencies.” Our top law enforcement department can lead the way by tackling head-on the biased, incompetent manner of responding to sexual assault that disgraced the F.B.I. in Mr. Nassar’s case, that pervades too many police and prosecutor agencies around the country and that can be confronted and changed for the sake of survivors and us all.

Jane Manning is the director of the Women’s Equal Justice Project and a former sex crimes prosecutor.

New York times, Guest Essay, Sept. 27, 2021

Perhaps one of the biggest fails of all times, one that indeed involved conduct that “was like serving innocent children up to a pedophile on a silver platter,” to be not only sexually assaulted and raped but murdered and dumped in a ditch, was based in the office of Oakland County prosecutor L. Brooks Patterson in early 1977. In a reversal of the malfeasance described by Ms. Manning, where police investigators or prosecutors’ investigators fail to do even the basic work required to prosecute sex crimes and then the cases are declined by prosecutors for inadequate evidence, the malfeasance in the OCCK case begins with the prosecutor’s office and the infection was spread to Robertson and Krease of the Michigan State Police who headed the OCCK “task force.”

If Merrick Garland is to truly take on the serious histories of mishandling sexual assault cases (including those escalating to murder!) and mistreating survivors, the Department of Justice should start with the most appalling public corruption evidenced by the playbook of the 1977 OCP office and the MSP. The failure to properly investigate or prosecute other pedophiles who were given a free pass in Oakland County during that era (because those at the top could not risk any investigation that would reveal pedophiles in high places operating freely in a wealthy, white suburb) only compounds the depravity.

When a candidate for public office tells you they have a child-centered agenda (and this includes prosecutors, attorney generals, legislators, and sheriffs–all politicians), give them a copy of this opinion piece and ask them just how focused they intend to be on the issue of protecting children.

That some on the inside of the small circle of malfeasance in the OCCK case have met their maker is irrelevant. Those down the line at the OCP and the MSP perpetuated the malfeasance. Their malfeasance and subsequent failures must also be “confronted and changed for the sake of survivors and us all.”

“Retired police officer who worked Oakland County Child Killer cold case highlighted in book”

Here is a great article from the Livingston Daily about retired Det. Cory Williams’ work on the OCCK investigation and Marney Keenan’s book, The Snow Killings: Inside the Oakland County Child Killer Investigation (2020).


The Livingston Daily is in Livingston County, just under an hour northwest of Oakland County. Proof that interest in this 45-year-old cold case extends beyond the confines of Planet Oakland County.

Thanks to the reporter, Kayla Daugherty, for taking an interest and following through.

Pennsylvania Senate again choosing abusers over sexual assault victims

Editorial in The Pennsylvania Tribune-Democrat:

https://www.tribdem.com/news/editorial-senate-again-choosing-abusers-over-sexual-assault-victims/article_aa426bba-1d4b-11ec-b395-6fb9da6cb939.html. (Read the comment from a retired captain of the Philadelphia P.D. as well.)

The lobbyists from the insurance industry and the Catholic church clearly gave their mouthpiece, Pennsylvania state senate majority leader Kim Ward, the constitutional “retroactivity” soundbite. Two big words–constitution and retroactivity. Ward has stalled legislation which would open a two-year window for sexual abuse victims to sue the organizations that failed to act or covered up that abuse, even if cases fall outside the statute of limitations. The bill passed the Pennsylvania house by a 3:1 margin in April.

Ward, a member of Our Lady of Grace Catholic Church, who was a respiratory therapist before “entering politics,” is not an attorney. https://www.senatorward.com/biography/. Pennsylvania Attorney General Josh Shapiro challenged the argument that such a move would not pass constitutional muster. A lawsuit “window bill” was first introduced in the Pennsylvania legislature in 2005. Since then, 18 other states have passed similar legislation on behalf of abuse victims.

Legislation is honed by legislative counsel and retroactivity has apparently not been raised as a successful defense in cases brought during such “window” periods. To round out her knowledge beyond that provided by lobbyists, Ward could have considered a report prepared by Child USA, the National Think Tank for Child Protection, covering the history of U.S. child abuse statute of limitations reforms from 2002 to 2020.


Ward says she prefers a constitutional amendment–which based on the history of legislation and litigation in other states, as well as her state’s own attorney general–is unnecessary. But what she no doubt likes is the delay that would be involved–the hoops involved in such an amendment would push consideration out until 2023 at the earliest. As The Tribune-Democrat editorial makes clear, the issue is not going away no matter what stall tactics the Pennsylvania senate engages in.

I know it’s probably much more fun to go to lunch with lobbyists from the insurance industry and her Catholic church, but Ward could have just skipped to page 76 of the Child USA report on statutes of limitations reform for a little more insight to round out her consideration:

Child sex abuse SOL [statute of limitations] reform has been very active across the United States since January 2002 when the Boston Globe‘s Spotlight team first disclosed institution-based sex abuse in a trusted institution, the Boston Archdiocese. The movement has been mobilized by the appearance in the public square of victims of child sex abuse who were previously invisible to the public. With 1 in 5 girls and 1 in 13 boys sexually abused, there are millions of victims in the United States and most even today have not disclosed their abuse to the public. While the opposition to victims’ greater access to justice persists from certain corners, it is apparent that with the #MeToo movement and a new wave of child sex abuse victims coming forward and revival windows now open in many states, the movement remains strong. The rapid pace of change is unlikely to slow down any time soon.

History of U.S. Child Sex Abuse Statutes of Limitations Reform:2002-2020

When the Catholic church could no longer crush victims of clergy sexual abuse behind the scenes, they expanded their “war” to the legislative battle field. They’ve won battles with the help of their acolytes like Ward. But eventually the Catholic church and its toadies are going to lose the war. They stopped asking “what would Jesus do?” a very long time ago. What would their attorneys and lobbyists do? We all know the answer to that question.

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